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5815 - VMware vSphere: Optimize and Scale v6.5

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Duration: 5 Days

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Course Information

Course Description

This five-day course will teach you advanced skills for configuring and maintaining a highly available and scalable virtual infrastructure. Through a mix of lecture and hands-on labs, you will configure and optimize the vSphere features that build a foundation for a truly scalable infrastructure, and you will discuss when and where these features have the greatest effect. Anyone who is ready to take their understanding of vSphere to a deeper level and learn how to use advanced features and controls will greatly benefit from this course.

By the end of the course, you should be able to meet the following objectives:

  • Configure and manage ESXi networking and storage for a large and sophisticated enterprise
  • Manage changes to the vSphere environment
  • Optimize the performance of all vSphere components
  • Harden the vSphere environment against security threats
  • Use VMware vSphere® Client™, VMware vSphere® Web Client, and VMware vSphere® ESXi™ Shell to manage vSphere
  • Use VMware vSphere® Auto Deploy™ to provision ESXi hosts
  • Use VMware vRealize® Log Insight™ to monitor system logs
  • Deploy VMware vCenter® Server Appliance™ to be highly available and optimized for performance
  • Experienced system administrators
  • System engineers
  • System integrators

This course requires completion of one of the following prerequisites:

  • Understanding of concepts presented in the VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage [V6.5] course (5673)
  • Equivalent knowledge and administration experience with ESXi and vCenter Server
  • Experience with working at the command prompt is highly recommended​

Course Objectives

Course Audience

Course Outline

1. VMware Management Resources
  • Configuring VMware vSphere Management Assistant (vMA)
  • Esxcli and Vicfg Commands
  • Configuring ESXi Tech Support Mode and Ssh Access
  • ESXi and vCenter Server Log Files
  • Configuring a Centralized ESXi Log Host
2. Performance in a Virtualized Environment
  • vSphere Performance Troubleshooting Methodology
  • Software and Hardware Virtualization Techniques and Impact on Performance
3. Network Scalability
  • Creating, Configuring, and Managing vSphere Distributed Switches
  • Using the Command-Line for Network Configuration
  • Distributed Switch Features
  • PVLANs
  • Network I/O Control
  • Port Mirroring
  • NetFlow
4. Network Optimization
  • Performance Features of Network Adapters
  • Performance Features of vSphere Networking
  • Monitoring Key Network Performance Metrics
  • Troubleshooting Common Network Performance Problems
5. Storage Scalability
  • Configuring Storage Multipathing
  • VAAI and VASA
  • Policy-Driven Storage
  • Adding a Storage Policy to a Virtual Machine Storage Profile
  • Storage DRS Operation
  • Configuring Storage DRS and Storage I/O Control
6. Storage Optimization
  • Diagnosing Storage Access Problems
  • Storage Protocols, VMFS Configuration, Load Balancing, and Queuing Affect Performance
  • Monitoring Key Storage Performance Metrics
  • Troubleshooting Common Storage Performance Problems
7. CPU Optimization
  • CPU Scheduler and Other Features Impacting CPU Performance
  • Monitoring Key CPU Performance Metrics
  • Troubleshooting Common CPU Performance Problems
8. Memory Optimization
  • Memory Reclamation Techniques and Over Commitment
  • Monitoring Key Memory Performance Metrics
  • Troubleshooting Common CPU Performance Problems
9. Virtual Machine and Cluster Optimization
  • Performance Guidelines for DRS Clusters, Resource Pools, and Resource Allocation Settings
  • Troubleshooting Virtual Machine Power-On Failures
  • Troubleshooting vSphere Cluster Errors
10. Host and Management Scalability
  • Using Image Builder to Create an ESXi Installation Image
  • Using Host Profiles to Manage ESXi Configuration Compliance
  • Using vCenter Server Linked Mode to Manage Multiple vCenter Server Inventories
  • Configuring and Managing VMware vSphere Distributed Power Management
  • VMware vSphere PowerCLI and Custom Scripts
  • Using vSphere Auto Deploy to Provision ESXi Hosts
Labs

Lab 1: Use VMware vSphere Management Assistant
  • Access your student desktop system
  • Add valid licenses to vCenter Server
  • Power on a virtual machine
  • Enable the ESXi Shell and SSH services
  • Log in to vMA and connect to your vCenter Server and ESXi host
  • Use esxcli commands to retrieve information about an ESXi host
  • Use vicfg commands to configure NTP
  • Use vmware-cmd to manage virtual machines
Lab 2: VMware Monitoring Tools
  • Start database activity in your test virtual machine
  • Display custom vSphere Client performance charts
  • Log in to the vMA appliance and start resxtop
  • Explore the resxtop screens
  • Run resxtop in batch mode
  • Use Windows Perfmon to display batch mode output
Lab 3: vSphere Distributed Switches
  • Configure infrastructure to use a single vCenter Server - Part I
  • Configure infrastructure to use a single vCenter Server - Part II
  • Create a distributed switch for the virtual machine network
  • Create a distributed switch port group
  • Migrate virtual machines to a distributed switch port group
  • Verify that your virtual machine has proper access to the Production network
Lab 4: Port Mirroring
  • Configure port mirroring on a distributed switch
  • Verify that port mirroring works properly
Lab 5: Monitoring Network Activity
  • Start the network client and network server virtual machines
  • Configure resxtop
  • Perform test case 1: Measure network activity over the e1000 network adapter
  • Modify test virtual machines to use vmxnet3
  • Perform test case 2: Measure network activity over the vmxnet3 network adapter
  • Perform test case 3: Measure network activity over the same network
Lab 6: Command-Line Network Management
  • Virtual switch configuration
  • .vmx file entries related to the network configuration
  • Net-dvs output
Lab 7: Profile-Driven Storage
  • Create a VMFS datastore configuration for this lab
  • Create a user-defined storage capability
  • Create a virtual machine storage profile
  • Enable your host to use virtual machine storage profiles
  • Associate storage profiles with virtual machines
Lab 8: Manage Datastore Clusters
  • Create a datastore cluster enabled for Storage DRS
  • Perform a datastore evacuation with datastore maintenance mode
  • Manually run Storage DRS and apply migration recommendations
  • Acknowledge Storage DRS alarms
Lab 9: Monitor Storage Performance
  • Use vmhbas for local storage and shared storage
  • Add disks to your test virtual machine
  • Display the real-time disk performance charts of the vSphere Client
  • Perform test case 1: Measure sequential write activity to your remote virtual disk
  • Perform test case 2: Measure random write activity to your remote virtual disk
  • Perform test case 3: Measure random read activity to your remote virtual disk
  • Perform test case 4: Measure random read activity to your local virtual disk
Lab 10: Command-Line Storage Management
  • Use esxcli to view storage configuration information
  • Use vmkfstools to manage volumes and virtual disks
  • Generate disk activity in your test virtual machine
  • Start vscsiStats
  • Use vscsiStats to generate a histogram for disk latency
  • Use vscsiStats to determine type of I/O disk activity
  • Generate disk activity in your test virtual machine
  • Use vscsiStats to determine type of I/O disk activity
Lab 11: Monitor CPU Performance
  • Run a single-threaded program in a single-vCPU virtual machine
  • Use resxtop to observe baseline data
  • Use the vSphere Client to observe baseline data
  • Import the CPU-HOG vApp
  • Generate CPU contention
  • Run a single-threaded program in a dual-vCPU virtual machine
  • Run a dual-threaded program in a dual-vCPU virtual machine
  • Run a multithreaded program in a quad-vCPU virtual machine
Lab 12: Diagnose CPU Performance
  • Generate CPU activity
  • Display pop-up charts for your ESXi host and your test virtual machine
  • Check for host CPU saturation
  • Check for guest CPU saturation
  • Check for using only one vCPU in an SMP virtual machine
  • Check for low guest CPU utilization
Lab 13: Monitor Memory Performance
  • Generate database activity
  • Display the memory screen in resxtop
  • Display a memory performance chart for your test virtual machine
  • Import the RAM-HOG vApp
  • Over-commit memory resources
Lab 14: Diagnose Memory Performance
  • Generate memory activity
  • Display the memory performance charts for your ESXi host and virtual machines
  • Check for active host-level swapping
  • Check for past host-level swapping
  • Check for guest operating system paging
  • Check for high guest memory demand
Lab 15: Diagnose Virtual Machine and Cluster Performance
  • Move your ESXi host into the first problem cluster
  • Troubleshoot the first cluster problem
  • Troubleshoot the second cluster problem
Lab 16: Work with Host Profiles
  • Create a host profile
  • Attach a host profile to an ESXi host and check compliance
  • Purposely introduce configuration drift
  • Check compliance again
  • Remediate the managed host
  • Detach the managed host from the host profile
Lab 17: vCenter Linked Mode
  • Enable vCenter Linked Mode
  • Perform a combined query from a Linked Mode group
  • Execute administration operations in a Linked Mode group
  • Isolate a vCenter Server instance from a Linked Mode group
Lab 18: Using Windows PowerShell
  • Start vSphere PowerCLI and find the vSphere PowerCLI version
  • Retrieve the Windows PowerShell security policy
  • Create a simple script
  • Display the vSphere PowerCLI help files
  • Connect and disconnect to your ESXi host
  • Define a variable to store the ESXi host and vCenter Server system names
  • Connect to the vCenter Server system
  • Run cmdlets to find ESXi host-related information
  • Use Get-VM to retrieve virtual machine properties
  • Use Get-Stat to retrieve performance information
  • Migrate a virtual machine's disk to shared storage
  • Use vMotion to migrate a virtual machine
Lab 19: Use Image Builder
  • Export an image profile to an ISO image
Lab 20: Configure VMware vSphere Auto Deploy on a Windows vCenter Server System
  • Install Auto Deploy
  • Configure the DHCP server and TFTP server for Auto Deploy
  • Use vSphere PowerCLI to configure Auto Deploy
  • Configure the ESXi host to boot from the network (For vClass users only)
  • Configure the ESXi host to boot from the network (For non-vClass users)
  • View the autodeployed host in the vCenter Server inventory

Course Prerequisites

Course Schedule
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